Population, Education and Income Inequality


  • Osiris Jorge Parcero International School of Economics, Kazakh British Technological University




In non-democracies, a large population size and density lead to more redistributive policies and lower income inequality. This is the result of the interconnection of two intermediate hypotheses. First, in non-democracies a larger population size and density increase the chance of a revolution attempt to overthrow the governing elites. Second, this revolution threat prompts the elites to better re-distribute the country’s income in an attempt to fend off this threat. This paper suggests and empirically tests that wider spread primary and, to a lesser extent, secondary education is one of the channels through which the elites achieve this better distribution.



How to Cite

Parcero, O. J. (2021). Population, Education and Income Inequality. Journal of Income Distribution®, 29(1-2). https://doi.org/10.25071/1874-6322.40383