Entrepreneurship and Income Inequality: A Spatial Econometric Approach


  • Bebonchu Atems Clarkson University
  • Grayden Shand Clarkson University


Entrepreneurship; income inequality; spatial econometrics


This paper extends research on the link between entrepreneurship and income inequality by introducing spatial considerations. Following a battery of specification tests, we model the relationship between entrepreneurship and inequality using a dynamic spatial Durbin model. Using data from the 48 continental U.S. states, we obtain strong evidence that entrepreneurship within a state not only affects inequality within that state, but has cross-state effects, as well.

Author Biography

Bebonchu Atems, Clarkson University

Associate Professor, School of Business



How to Cite

Atems, B., & Shand, G. (2021). Entrepreneurship and Income Inequality: A Spatial Econometric Approach. Journal of Income Distribution®, 29(1-2). Retrieved from https://jid.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/jid/article/view/40434